Image Source: FMSC from flickr
Image Source: FMSC from flickr

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Nepal’s hunger problem is still severe

When geographical variations are considered, the problem of hunger is most severe in the Karnali region

By the_farsight |

Nepal ranked 81st out of 121 countries in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2022 making substantial progress over the decades in reducing hunger problems. But there is no reason to celebrate as the problem is still severe.

5.5% of Nepal’s population is still undernourished. 31.5% and 12% of children under five years are stunted and suffer from wasting respectively while 2.8% of children die before reaching the age of five.

Stunting rate across the Nepal as per CBS 2020

Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) data shows that the stunting rate is 47.8% in the Karnali region compared to 22.6% and 22.9% in Gandaki and Bagmati provinces respectively.

Similarly, a National Planning Commission study in 2021 shows that Karnali, along with Sudurpashchim, Lumbini, and Madhesh provinces face a high rate of stunting with one-third or more of children suffering from it.

These provinces also face a high rate of 'Multidimensional Poverty.'

Explanations for the high levels of child undernutrition in these provinces include difficult geographical terrain, poor infrastructure and transportation facilities, food insecurity, low overall socioeconomic development, and lack of access to healthcare services.

Overall, variations in geography and agro-climatic zones, caste/ethnicities, climate-related crises leading to agriculture challenges and pronounced disasters and pandemic-related food crises, and gender relations have impacted Nepal's food security status.

The severity of each country’s GHI score ranges from low to extremely alarming. Nepal has a moderate level of hunger, with a score of 19.1

the_farsight :)

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